Monday, April 29

Traditional foods and food habits in Bangladesh





Traditional Foods and Food Habits in Bangladesh


Every country has its own tradition of foods. Bangladesh has also the same. In the sense of food habits, Bangladesh is influenced by the regional variations of her history. Being an outpost of Mughal Empire once, Bangladesh retains its heritage. Bangladesh is famous for rice production which has been the chief occupation of its people. Rice therefore the main food of Bangladesh. The Bangladeshis eat rice, not just a small quantity but a lot. They eat rice every day and at every meal with great testy and spicy curry of vegetables, fishes and meat.

You may not have realized that you may be ate Bangladeshi foods! Many of the restaurants framed in Brick Lane, London are actually Bangladeshi in origin. The same can probably be said for other called Indian restaurants throughout the world when Indian foods have much better branding.

For the vegetarians Bangladesh is a paradise. Plenty of fresh vegetables are available throughout the year. Among them, winter vegetables are more popular because of their different preparations and taste. The common vegetables from Bangladesh are Cauliflower, Cabbage, Tomato, Potato, Beans, reddish, Peas, Carrot, Radish, Pumpkin, Eggplant, Drumstick, Bitter-ground, Arum and Arum-root, Bind-weed and many others. Most of the restaurants serve some kinds of vegetable everyday either fried or curry or even Bharta (cereals of various vegetables or fishes dry or fresh with spices that are absolutely delicious).

Generally Bangladeshi take meal in three time a day called Breakfast around 8.00 am, Lunch around 2.00 pm and dinner around 10.00 pm . Besides in evening they take snakes.

In the morning, a farmer or a laborer starts his long day with a breakfast of Panta (plain boiled rice soaked overnight in water and slightly fermented). This watery rice mixed with salt and chilly, either green or fried dry ones but this is not just the only sort of breakfast. Muri (puffed rice) or Chira (flattened rice), or Khoi (popped rice) are other items of a traditional breakfast in most Bangladeshi homes in the rural areas. These are taken with milk, yogurt, seasonal fruits or Gur (a crude form of country sugar).

Wheat based plain bread (may be with oil) is another common item for breakfast. A large number of people of Bangladesh take baked bread and mixed vegetable including egg, various kind of meat, and a hot cup of tea at last of breakfast.

Biriani of Bangladesh
Traditional Foods of Bangladesh
Lunch is the main dish for Bangladeshis. Almost all the Bangladeshis take plain rice in lunch. Most of them take different kinds of vorta and Bhaji (saluted or fried vegetable with green or fried chilly and other spices) are very popular. They also take various kinds of spicy illusive fishes with it. So it is called that Mase vate Bangali (i e the land of rich and fishes). Fish or meat Jhol (liquidated, may be with different kind of vegetables) with plenty of chopped spices and other ingredients Cooked in low heat and for long is typical and an exclusive dish of Bangladesh. Dal (pulse) is must in Bangladeshi tradition in lunch. Adding ground ginger, garlic, onion, cumin, and chili pepper pastes, this dish also included fennel seed, black cumin, methie and so on herbs makes the Bangladeshi traditional meal greatly delicious.

Almost all Bangladeshis take same items of foods in dinner. Dudvat (milk and rice) is very common as the last item of dinner. This is eaten with seasonal fruits like mango, banana or jack fruit or just with Gur (country sugar).

Foods Varieties
During the harvesting season breakfast and evening snakes consist of a great variety of Pithas (rice cakes) of different sizes and shapes, salted or sugary, fried, boiled, sun dried or cooked. The remarkable Pithas are Sandwish, chitoi, dhupi, Pati-Sapta, antasha, pufi, Vapa, pua, various Nakshi Pitha etc. Swandwish pitha (taler pitha) is prepared from a mixture of rice flour, gur and salt, fried in mustard oil. Chitai a paste of rice flour baked in especially designed clay pans. It may be soaked for a day or two in evaporated milk. Pati Sapta is a variety of rolled pancakes with Kheer (great delicious, prepared with milk thickened through continuous boiling) filling. During weddings the bridegroom is given Nakhsi Pithas-carved and decorated rice cakes, which are real tasty.

Pithas of Bangladesh
Rice Cakes of Bangladesh
In weeding or other social festival, Biriani (fine rice with chicken, beef or mutton cooked in Ghee or clarified butter), Pilaw (spicy like Biriani but without meat), with Chicken roast or mutton Rezala is served as main dish. Khichuri (Hotchpotch) is another popular item in Bangladeshi food habit. Different kind of pickle of mango, tomato, olive etc are also taken much.
Bangladesh pickle
Pickles from Bangladesh
Various varieties of inland and marine fishes are available throughout the country. Fish lovers should not miss the great taste of smoked or boiled or fried Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha), the national fish of Bangladesh. Trout, Eel, Butter fish, Ruhi, Katla, Mackerel, Reetha, Pungas Catfish, Walking Fish, Giant snake head are very testy and common in Bangladesh. Among the marine fishes Lobster, Red Snapper, Rupchanda, Tuna, Bhetki, Loittya are very popular.

Hilsa, the national fish of Bangladesh
Local Fishes of Bangladesh
Among the seasonal fruits the appeal of jack-fruit (the national fruit of Bangladesh) is universal for its sticky and juicy substance. You may take the taste of Fazli aam (a famous mango) for sophisticated experience. There are a number of varieties of mango each having an exotic name differing in taste, varying in sweetness and even in flavours. The litchis of Rajshahi are juicy and colourful, pleasing both to eye and the tongue. Pineapple is another treat. Lots of them are grown on the hilly area. The other remarkable fruits of Bangladesh are Guava, Plum, Palm, Water Melon, banana etc.

Jack Fruit, the national fruit of Bangladesh
Local Fruits of Bangladesh


Bangladeshi Snacks and Breads

Singara- is spiced potato pockets wrapped in thin dough and fried. It is really tasty and inexpensive snack that you can find almost anywhere in Bangladesh.

Samosa- Bangladeshi samosas tend to be triangular, filled with cabbage and other vegetables, and are very crispy.

Dallpuri-is a popular and common item as snakes contain dall(pulse) covered with specially prepared flour paste fried in hot oil. Sometime it contains potato in lieu of pulse.

Bangladeshi snacks
Snacks of Bangladesh
Naan- (flat bread baked in a tan door oven) is a common item in almost all restaurants in Bangladesh. It may be contain banana or other fruits as paste.

Muglai Barata- (bread contains spicy egg or meat) is another popular item in evening snakes.

Tandori- (flat wheat paste baked in oven) in very popular and common item in breakfast.

Bakorkhani- (wheat and sugar based) is a famous and traditional snack available in old Dhaka.

Desserts of Bangladesh

Misti Dhohi, flat Chana, Sweetened Yogurt, Sandesh, Rasgolla, Ras Malai, Kalojam, Pudding etc are unique milk based dessert. Taste a Pranhara (heart winner) or a lady Kenny (named after Lady Kenning, wife of the British Governor of East India Company) and you will know what it means! Kheer is also a great tasty milk based dessert. Sweetmeat is served to a guest any time of the day or night. A messenger who would carry good news to a relative or a man also accompanies those sweetmeats. Besides, Halua based on carrot, sooji or wheat cream, almond, pistachio, nuts and so on and Zorda are the common dessert in Bangladesh.

Bangladeshi Dessert
Dessert of Bangladesh

Drinks in Bangladesh

Prepared Tea: Bangladeshis are a tea drinking people. You’ll find little tea stands throughout the country with a few people sitting and drinking a small cup, perhaps with some snacks. Tea drinking and tea stalls offer a great way to engage with and meet the common people. Most tea is black tea served with condensed milk and sugar, but you can also request red tea which is without milk.

Lassi: It is a yogurt and ice based refreshing drink. It refreshes both body and soul when you are tired in travel.

Sugarcane juice: You can find juice stands on the streets here and there, where fresh sugarcane thrashing and ready juice is served.

Lime and Date juice: Sometime you may found natural Lime and date juice in street that is really exotic to taste.

Green Coconut Water: It is also available in street and it is fine, safe and nutritious to drink.

Besides it, international soft drinks are readily available. Hard drinks are available in star hotels and selected restaurants.

Bangladesh Restaurant Eating

Western foods are available in all major hotels and most of the renowned restaurants in import cities. But local dishes are normally far better and more exotic. In the capital city Dhaka, there are some famous and special menus which are greatly rich in taste, and only known to the food-lovers of the city dwellers. You should not miss the experience of the menus. Among the items, a short list is- Hazi Biriani- located in Alauddin Road in old Dhaka. Nanna’s Morog Polao- located at nearby Tara Mosque in old Dhaka. Ghoroa Restaurent’s Vuna Khichuri- located at Motijheel, the business heart of Dhaka. Sunami Restora’s Kacchi Biriani- located at Jhigatola Bus Stand at Dhanmondi. Jhunu’s Morog Polaw- located nearby Narinda police box, Mukta Biriani- located at Goran Tempu stand. Chhayanir’ Grill Chicken- Located in the Science Laboratory corner nearby new market etc.

Taste the above menu when you travel Bangladesh and let us know your experience about Bangladeshi foods.

26 comments:

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Bangladesh said...

your post is nice and asome to get all bangladeshi food are including as agoog combination here ..really missing all bangladeshi foood

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Anonymous said...

time to go there

Anonymous said...

Bengali sweets are very flavored

Anonymous said...

You should seek permission from the owner before publishing their photos.

Farah Tanzeen Subarna said...

I am surprised to see my Hilsha Fish recipe picture here but you have not taken my permission before using it in your blog.

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Anonymous said...

Dude you wrote snakes instead of snacks in many places fix that

Unknown said...

How often to people eat curry in Bangladesh? Are curry dishes often made with coconut milk? How common is the use of coconut milk in Bangladesh?

Maruf said...

This is a nice information and all the bagladeshi food are really tasty and delicious food items.Thank you very much for your nice description and all food items in various occations.

Anonymous said...

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Love images Eid said...

I like to eat bangladeshi biriyani form dhaka.

saif said...

I like to eat biriyani from dhaka old town...

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